Tourist Places

DEWAIR

At the Northern edge of Mewar, Dewair is situated between the mountain ranges spread in close proximity of Kumbhalgarh and Madaria. In the olden times, it had been under the domination of different tribes from Mer to Deora Rajputs.

Maharana Pratap made the adventurous military campaigns of the Mughal ruler ineffective by resorting to gorilla warfare. On the auspicious occasion of Vijaya Dashmi, in 1852, he was crowned with historic victory, which led to the automatic liquidation of all 36 Moghul military outposts in Mewar. After this humiliating defeat, Akbar stopped his military campaigns against Mewar.

The victory of Dewair was a crowning glory for Maharana Pratap. Col. James Tod described Dewair as "Marathon of Mewar" in his famous book "Anals and Antiquities of Rajputana"

A very beautiful victory Memorial on Maharana Pratap was inaugurated by H.E. President of India, Smt. Pratibh Devi Singh Patil on 10.01.2012.


KumbhalGarh

64 Km north west of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress. Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top most ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being folded within another with crenelated walls strengthened by rounded bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It's serpentine 36 kilometres long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to ride abreast. This wall is second only to the 'Great Wall of China'. There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple placed with huge 'SHIVALINGA' makes it worth visiting.


Rajsamand

The town of Rajsamand is the district headquarters. The city and district are named for Rajsamand Lake, an artificial lake created in the 17th century by Rana Raj Singh of Mewar. The district had been constituted on 10 April, 1991 from Udaipur district. Rajsamand District is part of the Mewar region, and was historically part of the Kingdom of Mewar, also known as the Kingdom of Udaipur. Maharana Raj Singh an able administrator of the fifth generation of Maharana Pratap constructed Rajsamand Lake in 1662 AD, which is a beautiful example of sculpture and public utility works. The banks known as "Nouchoki" consist of 25 carved stone 'RAJ PRASHASHTI' the longest stone inscription in Sanskrit in the world. The stairs, footrest, artistic gates and 'Mandaps' are made of beautiful carved marble and the sculpture imparts a new look every time. The whole construction is based on the number 9 which is considered to be the absolute number in Hindu philosophy & mythology. It took 14 years for completion and cost more than 12.5 million rupees at that time. Rajsamand District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India.


Haldi Ghati

The mountain pass is historically a very significant location. It is the site of the famous Battle of Haldighati, which took place in 1576 between the Kingdom of Mewar and the Mughal Army led by king Mansingh. Maharana Pratap led the armed forces of Mewar against the Mughals who fought under the command of Mughal emperor Akbar's general Man Singh I of Amer. Haldighati is also world famous for its charity rose product and the mud art of Molela . Much emphasis is being laid for promoting a private cottage industry by the Department of Tourism.


CHETAK (Horse)

Pratap's forces were decisively outnumbered. Chetak's breed is unclear, however, it is widely believed that he was a Kathiawari horse. While mounted on Chetak, Pratap made an attempt on the life of Man Singh I, the Commander of the imperial Mughal Army. When he saw that the battle's tide was turning against him, he charged towards Raja Man Singh, who was directing the battle seated on an elephant.[citation needed] Pratap made a frontal charge at the imperial army, hacked his way through the massed ranks of enemy combatants and reached in front of Man Singh's elephant. Once there, Chetak reared high in the air and planted his hooves on the forehead of Man Singh's elephant. Pratap threw his lance at Man Singh but the blow fell on the mahout (elephant driver) instead, who was killed instantly.[citation needed] In the general melee that followed, Chetak received a fatal wound on one of his legs. This was the turning point of the battle. Maharana Pratap was loath to leave a battle in between, but was prevailed upon by his faithful followers. By some accounts, one of the Jhala Maan Singh literally snatched the Royal Insignia from Maharana's person and wore them himself, thus making him a target for the Mughal Army. As the Mughal army fell upon the Jhala sardar mistaking him for Maharana, Maharana left the battlefield with some of his loyal followers. Mewar's bold gamble to siege the battle in its favor had failed. Maharana then took Chetak out of the battlefield, running a distance of about 3- 5 kilometres. They came upon a river, 21 feet wide, which Chetak with his wounded leg jumped across. Some distance ahead Chetak collapsed and became unconscious, eventually dying. Maharana Pratap erected a small monument for his horse at the place where Chetak fell. The cenotaph still exists at Haldighati in Rajsamand District



Machind

64 k.m. north west of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress. Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top most ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being folded within another with crenellated walls strengthened by rounded bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It's serpentine 36 kilometres long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to ride abreast. This wall is second only to the 'Great Wall of China'. There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple placed with huge 'SHIVALINGA' makes it worth visiting.


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